The PNG government failed to address abuses by security forces. The Porgera gold mine is located in Enga Province, 600km north-west of Port Moresby. [48] Once in parliament, political parties exist "solely as parliamentary factions" [49] without firm ideological premises and party discipline. Biodiversity - also biological diversity; the relative number of species, diverse in form and function, at the genetic, organism, community, and ecosystem level; loss of biodiversity reduces an ecosystem's ability to recover from natural or man-induced disruption. It allows MPs to hop between parties - leading to tradition of instability and growing urgency … Papua New Guinea: health and human well-being It includes five video chapters with related texts to facilitate an enquiry approach to development geography. Carbon cycle - the term used to describe the exchange of carbon (in various forms, e.g., as carbon dioxide) between the atmosphere, ocean, terrestrial biosphere, and geological deposits. First, it analyzes the key recent developments in Papua New Guinea’s economy and places these in a longer-term and global context. Dredging - the practice of deepening an existing waterway; also, a technique used for collecting bottom-dwelling marine organisms (e.g., shellfish) or harvesting coral, often causing significant destruction of reef and ocean-floor ecosystems. Papua New Guinea launched the National Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WaSH) policy in 2015. Papua New Guinea Hospitality graduates at the Australia-Pacific Technical College graduation at Port Moresby PNG. China is committing approximately US$4 billion to developing a national road network. More information about Papua New Guinea is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here: CIA World Factbook Papua New Guinea Page U.S. Embassy USAID Pacific Islands Page Abortion remains illegal in PNG, except in cases where the mother's life is at risk. The challenges of doing business in Papua New Guinea: an analytical summary of the 2012 business Environment Survey by the Institute of National Affairs. The Urban Profiling study uses a well structured approach where priority intervention projects are agreed through consultative processes. Recommendations not adopted. Police often beat children in lock-ups and house them with adults, despite a child justice law that states children should be kept separate from adults during all stages of the criminal justice process. Customary Land is being leased by the Lands Department by landowners. Environment - current issues: rain forest loss as a result of growing commercial demand for tropical timber; unsustainable logging practices result in soil erosion, water quality degredation, and loss of habitat and biodiversity; large-scale mining projects cause adverse impacts on forests and water quality (discharge of heavy metals, cyanide, and acids into rivers); severe drought; inappropriate … Communica… In 2013, the Family Protection Act was passed, which criminalizes domestic violence and allows victims to obtain protection orders. Australasia. By 2050 PNG’s population is likely to be around 30 million people. Noxious substances - injurious, very harmful to living beings. Papua New Guinea Maps of the World - Interactive World Fact Book - Papua New Guinea Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, Population, Social Statistics, Political System Waterborne diseases - those in which bacteria survive in, and are transmitted through, water; always a serious threat in areas with an untreated water supply. Corruption in PNG is widespread. The leases represent over 10 percent of the country’s total landmass and potentially impact more than 700,000 people. Despite the ombudsman and police announcing investigations into the 2016 police shooting of eight student protesters in Port Moresby, at time of writing no police had been charged or disciplined and neither body had issued a report. It has two principal aims. Children's access to education improved from 2012 to 2016 following the introduction of the Tuition Fee Free Policy in 2012 but was still low, with only 76 percent of children enrolled in primary school and 33 percent in secondary. Overgrazing - the grazing of animals on plant material faster than it can naturally regrow leading to the permanent loss of plant cover, a common effect of too many animals grazing limited range land. The mine operated in the mountains of central Bougainville in Papua New Guinea until 1989. In May, a fire in Hillside Haus forced the relocation of 120 residents. National Issues & Scandals. There is also a severe lack of services for people requiring assistance after having suffered family violence, such as safe houses, qualified counselors, case management, financial support, or legal aid. As of 1999, the number of people living with HIV/AIDS was estimated at 5,400 and deaths from AIDS that year were estimated at 450. The U.S. Papua New Guinea recorded a Current Account surplus of 26.70 percent of the country's Gross Domestic Product in 2018. Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea (PNG) is a resource-rich country, yet almost 40 percent of the population lives in poverty. The PNG government drew criticism for its purchase of 40 new Maserati cars for visiting APEC dignitaries, when the impoverished country struggles to pay teachers and faces a health crisis. In June, authorities confirmed that the country was facing its first polio outbreak in 18 years, prompting an emergency vaccination campaign. HIV and AIDS. Papua New Guinea also belongs to the Pacific Islands Forum, of which the United States is a Dialogue Partner. Drift-net fishing - done with a net, miles in extent, that is generally anchored to a boat and left to float with the tide; often results in an over harvesting and waste of large populations of non-commercial marine species (by-catch) by its effect of "sweeping the ocean clean." CDC supports strengthening the capacity of Papua New Guinea’s public health workforce through the establishment of a Field Epidemiology Training program. Papua New Guinea hit by 6.3-magnitude earthquake. Despite Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) current extractives-led economic boom, an estimated 40 percent of the country lives in poverty. This has led to the government creating the National Education Plan, a scheme aimed at introducing free primary schooling to raise education levels. Non-residents are generally taxed only on their PNG-sourced income. Australia pays for refugees’ living expenses but refuses to resettle them in Australia, insisting they must settle in PNG or third countries, such as the United States. Australasia. Rapid and accurate diagnosis of TB: New trial in PNG. Limiting Beijing’s Influence Over Accountability and Justice, Convincing “Middle Powers” to Fight Autocrats Despite High Costs, Time to Re-Energize the “Never Again” Movement, Human Judgment and Responsibility in the Age of Technology, Helping Older People Stay Connected, and at Home, Changing the Terms of Engagement with Silicon Valley. This publication is the fifth in the current series of Papua New Guinea Economic Updates (PNG EU). Get Lae's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. Papua New Guinea has been gripped by political turmoil for almost a week now. Refugees and asylum seekers do not feel safe on Manus due to a spate of violent attacks by locals in the town of Lorengau and ongoing disputes with the local community. Former United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein visited PNG in February 2018 and called on the government to tackle a long list of abuses, including corruption, land rights abuses, gender-based violence, and attacks on activists and journalists. There have been urgent calls, including by Australian doctors, to improve healthcare standards on Manus Island. The Honourable Malakai Tabar MP discussed the issues and challenges that Papua New Guinea is currently facing in the higher education sector, and the reforms underway. In December 2017, the Supreme Court quashed a long-standing arrest warrant for corruption against Prime Minister Peter O'Neill, finding that the warrant failed to meet a number of requirements and was issued without jurisdiction. Transparency International’s 2015 Corruption Perceptions Index ranks Papua New Guinea 139th in a li… Ethnic conflict in Papua New Guinea Benjamin Reilly Centre for Democratic Institutions, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. Papua New Guinea's resource laws have issues: Kua Mining News , Trending News PNG PETROLEUM and Energy Minister Kerenga Kua says there are several issues with the current … PNG continued to impose the death penalty, although authorities have not carried out any executions since 1954. US resettlement from Manus remains slow, with 163 resettled as of October. LEST WE FORGET: List of failed projects by the PNG Government ... Special Purpose Agriculture & Business Leases in Papua New Guinea. 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