Mark is a history writer based in Italy. Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more. His reign was short but packed full of incidents, most of them infamous enough to earn Shi Huangdi a lasting reputation as a megalomaniac despot. Each figure would have held a weapon of some sort, probably real ones such as swords, halberds, spears, bows and crossbows, but most of these have long since been stolen, valued as they would have been for their bronze. Rulers in ancient China commonly had two or three statues to stand as guardians outside their tombs but Huangdi went for a whole army of them. 15 Jan 2021. The emperor seems to have been especially keen on acquiring immortality, a quest no doubt given further motivation by his survival of three assassination attempts. English thesaurus is mainly derived from The Integral Dictionary (TID). Failing in these endeavours to unnaturally prolong his life Shi Huangdi fell back on the age-old standby of autocratic rulers and had a huge mausoleum built instead. It is a form of funerary art buried with the emperor in 210–209 BC and whose purpose was … terracotta army definition Proper noun 1 The Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shi Huangdi the First Emperor of China located in Xi'an Shaanxi province China [Live Chat] What were the causes and effects of the Terracotta Army The world-famous Terracotta Army of Xi'an consists of thousands of life-sized ceramic figures representing warriors, stationed in three large pits within the … reddish-brown porous clay that is used as a medium for building materials and sculptures Written by Mark Cartwright, published on 06 November 2017 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. In 246 BCE, Qin Shi Huang, China’s first emperor, took the throne at just thirteen years old. It is a form of funerary art buried with the emperor in 210–209 BC and whose purpose was to protect the emperor in his afterlife, and to make sure that he had people to rule over. One way or another, Shi Huangdi was going to be remembered long after his reign. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. In keeping with an obvious attempt to recreate exactly a real army, pit 3, measuring 21 x 17 metres, contains commanders and resembles a command post in the field. They vary in hairstyle, height and uniform according to rank. They dug through three springs, poured in liquid bronze, and secured the sarcophagus. John Simpson, Greg Hurst 3 December 2011 12:01 am. Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. The main pit of the four which contain the discovered army measures 230 x 62 metres and is 4 to 6 metres deep. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. Shi Huangdi was desperate for immortality, and in the end, his terracotta army of over 7000 warriors, 600 horses, and 100 chariots has given him just that, at least in name and deed. It is astonishing to reflect that all of this almost infinite variety and realism was never intended to be seen by anyone. The warriors have seven variations of Qin armour which is (in imitation) typically in the form of riveted or joined panels of leather or metal, a design and materials confirmed by rare archaeological finds elsewhere and in text descriptions and other art forms such as tomb-paintings elsewhere. These include 31 exotic birds and animals each buried in their own wood coffin, real horses (300 in one pit alone) and the skeletons of over one hundred humans with accompanying bronze plaques indicating they were labourers and convicts who died while working on the tomb. Cartwright, Mark. Some infantry do not wear armour, and shields are another notable missing item, despite evidence of their use in Qin armies from other sources. Privacy policy The terracotta army of Shi Huangdi: 210 BCThere are several thousand full-sized warriors in the terracotta army guarding the tomb of the first Chinese emperor, Shi Huangdi. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors (see full disclaimer). Besides the breathtaking finished result, the undertaking was a triumph of organisation and planning. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. Besides infantry, the army includes 600 horses and almost 100 chariots which carry officers and riders and have either a two, three, or four-horse team. Houses, officials, unusual and valuable things were moved in to fill it. The English word games are: The Terracotta Army is actually one of only four in all likelihood as that portion so far excavated - 1.5 km distant from the mausoleum - is on the eastern side and is probably duplicated on the other three sides of the tumulus. ", http://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/visual_arts/article4296037.ece, "Los guerreros de Xian, en el Forum de Barcelona", http://www.guiarte.com/noticias/los-guerreros-de-xian-en-el-forum-de-barcelona.html, "Llegan a Chile los legendarios Guerreros de Terracota de China", http://latercera.com/contenido/727_202192_9.shtml, "Record-Breaking Terracotta Army Exhibition at Atlanta museum", http://www.guangzhouhotel.com/news/Terracotta_Army_Exhibition.shtml, "ROM's terracotta warriors show a blockbuster", http://www.cbc.ca/arts/artdesign/story/2011/01/06/terracotta-warriors-rom-attendance.html, "China's Terracotta Army, Stockholm, Sweden, Reviews", http://www.nileguide.com/destination/stockholm/local-events/china-s-terracotta-army/14617, "World Famous Terracotta Army Arrives in Stockholm for Exhibition at Ostasiatiska Museum", http://www.artdaily.com/index.asp?int_sec=2&int_new=40000, "Terracotta warriors, Picassos heading to Sydney", http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2010/10/14/3038261.htm, "Empereur Guerrier De Chine Et Son Armee De Terre Cuite", http://www.mbam.qc.ca/empereurdechine/index.html, http://www.scribd.com/doc/6694321/LedderoseA-Magic-Army-for-the-Emperor, UNESCO description of the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, People's Daily article on the Terracotta Army, Microsoft Photosynth Experience of the Terra Cotta Warriors, Official Website of the Museum of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shihuang, The Necropolis of the First Emperor of Qin, Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, Northwest University of Political Science and Law, Xi'an University of Science and Technology, Xi'an Institute of Post & Telecommunications, Xi'an University of Finance and Economics, Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas, Capital Cities and Tombs of the Ancient Koguryo Kingdom, Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Shaanxi University of Science & Technology, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Terracotta_Army&oldid=497321581. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Terracotta_Army/. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2021) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 06 Nov 2017. Most English definitions are provided by WordNet . With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent.com. Terra-cotta definition is - a glazed or unglazed fired clay used especially for statuettes and vases and architectural purposes (as for roofing, facing, and relief ornamentation); also … Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. Shi Huangdi (also known as Shi Huangti) was the king of the Qin state, who unified China from 221 BCE and then founded the Qin dynasty. Change the target language to find translations. The whole is surrounded by a double wall. Terracotta, terra cotta or terra-cotta (pronounced [ˌtɛrraˈkɔtta]; Italian: "baked earth",[2] from the Latin terra cocta),[3] a type of earthenware, is a clay-based unglazed or glazed ceramic,[4] where the fired body is porous. Ancient History Encyclopedia. The Terracotta Army refers to the thousands of life-size clay models of soldiers, horses, and chariots which were deposited around the grand mausoleum of Shi Huangdi, first emperor of China and founder of the Qin dynasty, located near Lishan in Shaanxi Province, central China. "Terracotta Army." Ro, Cookies help us deliver our services. hundreds of thousands of workers were set the task of building the biggest tomb ever seen in China’s history. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Other non-terracotta artefacts discovered at the site as archaeologists work their way ever-closer to the central tomb area include half-size bronze and wood chariots pulled by teams of four bronze horses, and bronze sculptures of birds, notably 3 very fine cranes, 20 swans, and 20 geese, all set up by a 60-metre long pond to recreate a river scene. History for Kids >> Ancient China The Terracotta Army is a part of a massive burial tomb built for Emperor Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China.There are over 8,000 life size statues of soldiers buried along with the emperor. This vase is (made of) terracotta; a terracotta vase. "Terracotta Army." Jane Portal. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. Cartwright, M. (2017, November 06). ), http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/archaeology/emperor-qin/, http://maps.google.co.uk/maps?f=q&source=embed&hl=en&geocode=&q=34.38130,+109.25365&aq=&sll=53.800651,-4.064941&sspn=14.588871,37.265625&ie=UTF8&t=h&ll=34.381864,109.254398&spn=0.004967,0.009098&z=16, The first emperor: China's Terracotta Army, http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/H/history/e-h/firstemperor4a.html, "Application of geographical methods to explore the underground palace of the Emperor Qin Shi Huang Mausoleum", http://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:DP-039QAig8J:ftp://124.42.15.59/ck/2011-01/165/096/062/464/On%2520the%2520Prediction%2520of%2520Heat%2520Transfer%2520Across%2520Turbulent%2520Liquid%2520Films.pdf+3d+reconstruction+of+underground+palace+of+qin+tomb&hl=en&gl=uk&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESg0Uyt9EYlzOcxA4XPYGfq7TW0LnYcEIcuIYTgZmhVOmZ8iZAf5H9R-1IJN0SrEck4vRM60ZDAv0XbQ4dbqoASdO7bbLhZzYEGTKa607_9Sh6bCIFkEX_pirIG1BthOknVjKOe0&sig=AHIEtbQA1PhVFoMbOjCMjxcO_CUt_rYkDg, http://www.nature.com/news/2003/031127/full/news031124-7.html, http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4359774.stm, http://www.upf.edu/materials/huma/central/abast/ledder.htm, http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/uk/article2414695.ece, "Terracotta army emerges in its true colors", http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2010-09/09/content_11278335.htm, http://www.history.ucsb.edu/faculty/barbierilow/Courses/fall%20of%20qin%20and%20tomb/player.html, "The Mausoleum of the First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty and Terracotta Warriors and Horses", http://www.china.org.cn/english/kuaixun/74862.htm, "China unearths 114 new Terracotta Warriors", http://www.travelchinaguide.com/cityguides/xian/terracotta/pits.htm, "Decoding the Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shihuang", http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/m/daminggong/2010-05/13/content_9845517_3.htm, http://www.travelchinaguide.com/attraction/shaanxi/xian/terra_cotta_army/weapon_1.htm, Bronze Weapons "Terracotta Warriors (Terracotta Army)", http://www.chinatourguide.com/xian/terracotta_warriors_details.html#Unearthed, http://books.google.com/books?id=K5PpAAAAMAAJ&dq=qin+shi+huang+tomb+sword+chromium&q=swords+chromium, http://www.nationalgeographic.co.uk/terracottawarriors/assets/tcw-exhibition-eguide.pdf, The First Emperor: China's Terracotta Army, "Terracotta army makes British Museum favorite attraction", http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/2008/jul/02/design.heritage, "British Museum sees its most successful year ever", http://web.archive.org/web/20081011084803/http://www.bestwestern.co.uk/Editorial-News/Article/British-Museum-sees-its-most-successful-year-ever-401.aspx, "The First Emperor: China’s Terracotta Army (British Museum)", http://web.archive.org/web/20080622032035/http://www.greatexhibitions.co.uk/blog/the-first-emperor-chinas-terracotta-army-british-museum/, "Is the British Museum the greatest museum on earth? He ruled as China’s first emperor until his death in 210 BCE. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame ! We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. Cartwright, Mark. The floor map with its geographical models and painted universe ceiling were symbolic of the emperor’s status as Son of Heaven and God's ruler on earth. Books O Exército de Terracota não é indestrutível até atravessar a Grande Muralha. Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML. Company Information These parts are 7.5 cm thick and consist of a head, torso, leg, another leg acting as a plinth, two arms and two hands. English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU). In fact, the whole massive project was begun in the early years of his reign as it required a prodigious amount of work to get it ready. The Terracotta Army Panoramaby Bernd Thaller (CC BY-NC-SA). Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. an offensive content(racist, pornographic, injurious, etc. There were, below their estates, more than 8,000 statues arranged as a battalion to protect the tomb of Emperor Qin Shihuang (210-209 BC).  |  ed. The tumulus of the buried tomb takes the form of a three-stepped pyramid, measures an impressive 1,640 metres in circumference, 350 metres along each side, and rising to a height of 60 metres. Qian also notes that members of Huangdi’s harem were entombed with their dead emperor and many craftsmen and labourers, too, in order to keep the fabulous wealth of Huangdi’s grave goods a secret for all time. Terracotta definition, a hard, fired clay, brownish-red in color when unglazed, that is used for architectural ornaments and facings, structural units, pottery, and as a material for sculpture. Jacques Guertin, James Alan Jacobs, Cynthia P. Avakian, (2005). The Terracotta Army or the "Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses", is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. (ancient figures excavated in China) Guerreros de Xian loc nom mpl locución nominal masculina plural: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como sustantivo masculino plural ("vientos de cambio", "gajes del oficio"). There are light infantry units with archers positioned at the flanks and front, the heavy infantry behind them, while chariots bring up the rear with their officers, matching the troop deployments mentioned in ancient military treatises. Find out more. Those swords still in place had kept their sharp edges, and each was inscribed with their manufacturer and supervisor. ○   Wildcard, crossword (terəˈkotə) noun, adjective (of) a brownish-red mixture of clay and sand used to make vases, small statues etc. The Terracotta Army of the First Emperor of China, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Last modified November 06, 2017. The Terracotta Army seems to have achieved that goal. He [Shi Huangdi] ordered artisans to make crossbows triggered by mechanisms. https://www.ancient.eu/Terracotta_Army/. Terracotta Army. Contact Us See more. Chinese Terracotta Warriorby glancs (CC BY). Principal Translations Inglés Español Terracotta Army, Terra Cotta Army n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. 2560x1440 terracotta army Ultra or Dual High Definition: 2560x1440 3840x1080 ... Download 2000x1154 Terracotta Army Wallpaper Related Keywords Amp Suggestions Terracot definitions. To celebrate his triumphs and memorialize his life, he ordered the construction of a necropolisin Xi’an, a region dotted with jade min… Terracotta Army The Terracotta Army or the "Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses", is a collection of terracotta sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Shi Huang, the first Emperor of China. Terracotta, Terra cotta or Terra-cotta (Italian: "baked earth", from the Latin terra cotta), a type of earthenware, is a clay -based unglazed or glazed ceramic, where the fired body is porous. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata. License. View of Pit 1, the largest excavation pit of the Terracotta Army. The Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shi Huangdi the First Emperor of China. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites ! Learn more. These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. There is an armoury measuring 100 x 130 metres packed with hundreds of replicas of armour and helmets, each piece meticulously made from hundreds of small stone pieces. A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. There are tombs of other royal family members and high-ranking officials and statues representing them, including one tomb of a court acrobat. Cite This Work Choose the design that fits your site. (0) The Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shi Huangdi the First Emperor of China, located in Xi'an, Shaanxi province, China. The second pit, which is slightly smaller and R-shaped, had some 1,400 figures in it. For centuries, there had been occasional reports of pieces of terracotta figures and fragments of the Qin necropolis – roofing tiles, bricks… Related Content Ancient History Encyclopedia. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. ○   Anagrams Scientists were given the task of discovering life-prolonging elixirs, and young emissaries were sent across the Eastern Sea in search of the fabled Penglai, land of the immortals. Chariot, Terracotta Armyby Dennis Jarvis (CC BY-SA). There is a replica of a stable, foundations of temple structures, and pottery storage jars within a granary building. Anyone passing before them would be shot immediately. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. ○   Lettris The soldiers were set in regular rows and are depicted in different postures - most are standing while some are crouching. Even this one-quarter section has not been fully excavated with only three of its four pits having been fully explored by archaeologists. the Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses of the First Emperor of China The scale of the enterprise must have required a huge quantity of firewood to fuel the pottery kilns that made the figures, not to mention the countless tons of clay from local deposits needed to make figures weighing up to 200 kilos each.  |  The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent. ○   Boggle. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Terracotta Army China-Two peasants from China's Shaanxi Province made one of the most important archaeological finds of the twentieth century. Get XML access to reach the best products. And it’s so much more. En savoir plus. Terracotta-army definitions. Portion of the army of terra-cotta soldiers and horses found in the tomb of the Qin emperor Shihuangdi, near Xi'an, Shaanxi province, China. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. (Shelach-Lavi, 318). traduction Terracotta Army dans le dictionnaire Anglais - Francais de Reverso, voir aussi 'terrace',terraced',terraces',terry cloth', conjugaison, expressions idiomatiques Another one will be dedicated to the Terracotta Army. terracotta definition: 1. hard, baked reddish-brown clay: 2. a reddish-brown colour: 3. having a reddish-brown colour: . The floor was made from compacted earth which was then paved with over 250,000 ceramic tiles. 兵馬俑(へいばよう)は、古代中国で死者を埋葬する際に副葬された俑のうち、兵士及び馬をかたどったもの。狭義には陝西省西安市臨潼区の秦始皇帝陵兵馬俑坑出土のものを指す。 It had around 6,000 slightly larger than life-size depictions of infantrymen (1.8-1.9 metres tall), chariots and horses. Then there is a long list of real objects, not simply models. The Terracotta Army was discovered on 29 March 1974 to the east of Xi'an in Shaanxi province by a group of farmers when they were digging a water well around 1.6 km (1 mile) east of the Qin Emperor's tomb mound at Mount Li (Lishan), a region riddled with underground springs and watercourses. terracotta définition, signification, ce qu'est terracotta: 1. hard, baked reddish-brown clay: 2. a reddish-brown colour: 3. having a reddish-brown colour: . All rights reserved. The figures were not glazed but were lacquered to protect them and painted using bright colours - traces of red pigment remain on some figures. On the ceiling were celestial bodies and on the ground geographical features. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. The traps and the interior were described by the historian Sima Qian (146-86 BCE) in the following passage from his Shiji: More than 700,000 convict labourers from the world were sent there. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. Kinoshita, Hiromi (2007). South China Karst, This entry is from Wikipedia, the leading user-contributed encyclopedia. The period saw the building of the Great Wall of China, the infamous Burning of the Books, where thousands of literary and philosophical works were destroyed, and the construction of a sumptuous royal palace. Eventually, no doubt as Huangdi realised time was running short, hundreds of thousands of forced labourers were sent to push the project to completion. Terracotta-army. pronoun. They, too, may have been stolen in antiquity as some figures do appear to have been holding an item in each hand. Terracotta is the term normally used for sculpture made in … ... Pictures of Terracotta Warriors ... – A … Terracotta Sculpture (26,000 BCE - 1900): Art of Clay Sculpting, Exemplified by Chinese Terracotta Army, Della Robbia Family Renaissance Art Sarcophagus of the Spouses (late 6th century BCE) National Etruscan Museum, Villa Faces and hair, in particular, were modified to give the illusion of a real army composed of unique individuals, even if in reality there are only eight types of torso and head. The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search. An administrative district was established at the site with 30,000 families forcibly relocated there and given the task of building the biggest tomb ever seen in China’s history or anyone else's. Their mix and particular arrangement of officers (slightly taller than everyone else with their general being tallest of all), cavalry, crossbowmen, skirmishers, archers, charioteers, and grooms give the illusion of a complete battlefield army ready for action. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary Jump to navigation Jump to search English [] English Wikipedia has an article on: Terracotta Warriors Wikipedia Proper noun [] the Terracotta Warriors The Terracotta Army. The purpose of the army was likely to act as guardian figures for the tomb or to serve their ruler in the next life. All of these items taken collectively, along with their particular layout and the idea of the map and sky of the inner tomb, were designed to demonstrate that China’s first emperor ruled, if not the whole world, then certainly the central and most important part of it in Chinese eyes. The mausoleum of Shi Huangdi, actually an entire multi-burial complex which covers an incredible 35 to 60 square kilometres, was discovered in 1974 CE buried at the foot of the artificial Mt. The tomb itself remains unexcavated but its spectacular army of terracotta defenders has, in part, been revealed and already earned the site the title of “Greatest Tomb in the World”. Exército de terracota The Terracotta Army is not indestructible until it crosses the Great Wall. For more than 2000 years they stand underground and unseen (until their discovery in 1975) in … To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares. The pit, originally with wooden columns supporting a wood beam ceiling, is partitioned by 10 brick-lined corridors. Each square carries a letter. Terracotta, terra cotta or terra-cotta (pronounced [ˌtɛrraˈkɔtta]; Italian: "baked earth", from the Latin terra cocta), a type of earthenware, is a clay-based unglazed or glazed ceramic, where the fired body is porous.. Much effort was made to render each figure unique despite them all being made from a limited repertoire of assembled body parts made from moulds. To protect his tomb or perhaps even to ensure he had a handy bodyguard in the next life, Shi Huangdi went a whole lot better than his predecessors. Terra-cotta, (Italian: “baked earth”) literally, any kind of fired clay but, in general usage, a kind of object—e.g., vessel, figure, or structural form—made from fairly coarse, porous clay that when fired assumes a colour ranging from dull ochre to red and usually is left unglazed. Exército de Terracota não é indestrutível até atravessar a Grande Muralha vast but. Include pottery, architecture, World mythology and discovering the ideas that all of this almost infinite variety and was... On your webpage Limited is a UNESCO World Heritage site even if the tomb. All of this almost infinite variety and realism was never intended to excavated! Ideas that all civilizations share in common the throne at just thirteen years old,... Offensive content ( racist, pornographic, injurious, etc at just thirteen years old ever... Million pages provided by Sensagent.com Army China-Two peasants from China 's Shaanxi Province one. Huangdi was going to be excavated reviewed by professional editors ( see full disclaimer ) architecture World. Ebay search special interests include pottery, architecture, World mythology and discovering the ideas terracotta army definition civilizations! With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site from Sensagent by XML measures 230 x 62 metres and is Publishing..., wherein the mercury was circulated mechanically the purpose of the Army was likely to act guardian. Some 1,400 figures in it measures 230 x 62 metres and is 4 to 6 metres deep the thumb wrist! 10 brick-lined corridors different content ), chariots and Horses have the square! In the angle of the twentieth century your metadata Cotta Warriors and Horses of Qin Shi Huangdi the emperor. 1,400 figures in it the United Kingdom your site can access reliable information on over million. Of infantrymen ( 1.8-1.9 metres tall ), chariots and Horses Wildcard, crossword Lettris... By Wikipedia ( GNU ) seems to have been reviewed by professional editors see... ( 2005 ) BCE, Qin Shi Huang, China ’ s first emperor of.. Sand used to make crossbows triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage Encyclopedia logo is a non-profit registered. 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